Amanita muscaria, edibile if parboiled

Please see the main article on Amanita muscaria, and how it is edible if parboiled for an introduction to the edibility of Amanita muscaria.

Please download, read, and share my article on the edibility of Amanita muscaria co-authored with David Arora and published in the peer review journal Economic Botany in 2008:

“Amanita muscaria: A case study of cultural bias in mushroom field guides’ determination of edibility,” Economic Botany, New York Botanical Garden, New York, 62(3) pp. 223-243 2008.

As the article explains, Amanita muscaria is not poisonous in the sense it can kill you. It is poisonous in the sense that if not parboiled in plentiful water (the “toxins” are water soluble), then raw or undercooked mushrooms eaten (in moderation) will cause you to become inebriated and possibly nauseous.

Becoming sick to ones stomach is the most common meaning to “poisonous” in mushroom field guides although one must always remember that there are mushrooms that are poisonous in the absolute sense that dinner-sized portions can either kill you or cause serious organ damage. But Amanita muscaria is not poisonous in that sense.

English Horse-breads circa 1600 to 1800

Download the PDF to my article in Gastronomica on the breads fed to race horses in England beginning in the 1590s. It turns out that for centuries the most detailed instructions for making bread published in English were written for horses. Gervase Markham, who is well known amongst culinary historians as the author of the most detailed Early Modern bread recipes in his 1615 book, The English Housewife, actually had worked out the recipes during the preceding twenty years in recipes he wrote for race horses! His horse-bread recipes, and in fact his training system that combined exercise with diet is the basis for all modern training programs for horses — as well as for human athletes.

The Link: Rubel_Gatronomica_Horse-bread

Complete list of my published articles.