Manchet! The Long-time “Best Bread”

There is no question about this. Manchet was the "best bread" in most of Early Modern England, with a comparable bread considered "best" in Continental Europe, as well. This will have been the case for hundreds of years. Precision is not possible, as documentation is so scarce, but there is no reason to suppose the … Continue reading Manchet! The Long-time “Best Bread”

English Muffins circa 1750s

The muffin that the English understood as a muffin -- the muffin of the "muffin man", the widely recognized itinerant muffin seller on the streets of English cities, especially London, from the mid-19th century well into the 20th -- is known internationally as the "English muffin." This differentiates from the American muffin, which is single-serving … Continue reading English Muffins circa 1750s

Bread History Workshop #17: Making Historic Breads for the Holidays

There is no lecture associated with this week's event. The week, what is usually a Bread History Seminar and Workshop will just be a workshop. Also, this week, it is on WEDNESDAY, December 23, (NOT THE USUAL THURSDAY) at 9am Pacific. This is 11 am in Columbia, noon in the East Coast, 6pm in Belgium, … Continue reading Bread History Workshop #17: Making Historic Breads for the Holidays

A Fabulous Horse Bread by Gervase Markham, 1607

The big author for horse breads was Gervase Markham (ca 1568-1637 ). Markham is the horse trainer who perfected the type of breads fed to race horses as part of a structured exercise program for race horses, thus establishing horse training on a modern basis. The custom at the time was for men to agree amongst themselves to a cross country race three months in advance and then to begin a training regime.

Cock Breads — 18th Century Breads for Fighting Cocks

The following text is from the "Royal Art of Cockfighting" by Robert Howlett, published in London, 1709. The portion of the text I reproduce here concerns the breads fed to fighting cocks -- known in the period as cock-breads. A couple things I'd like you to note. Firstly, in the section, "Of the several Ways … Continue reading Cock Breads — 18th Century Breads for Fighting Cocks

American Pullman Loaf, also called Sandwich Bread circa 1920

A Pullman Dining Car in the late 19th century. The bread on the table, right front, has rounded edges, so, it is not a Pullman Loaf. The perfectly rectangular mold-baked pullman loaf is stored efficiently and cleanly in the limited space of the train carriage kitchen. The Pullman Loaf , also often published under the … Continue reading American Pullman Loaf, also called Sandwich Bread circa 1920

Tandoor Oven 2,600 Years Ago

Terracotta woman baking bread, Cypro-Arcahic II, circa 600-480 BCEMetropolitan Museum, The Cesnola Collection, Purchased by subscription, 1874–76 The tandoor oven (there are variant spellings) is ancient. There had been tandoor-style ovens for thousands of years before this terracotta figurine was made. The YouTube video that follows shows someone making an oven very similar to the … Continue reading Tandoor Oven 2,600 Years Ago

Bread on a Spit: Fragment from Atheneus

Bread on a Stick. Same as "Bread on a Spit" from 400BCE? ΕΓΧΕΙΡΟΓΑΣΤΟΡΕΣ From 6 Athenaeus 645bc ἐγὼ μὲν ἄρτους, μᾶζαν, ἀθάρην, ἄλφιτα,κόλλικας, ὀβελίαν, μελιτοῦτταν, ἐπιχύτους,πτισάνην, πλακοῦντας, δενδαλίδας, ταγηνίας. Fragments 6 I [have, provide] loaves of bread, barley cake, porridge, barley groats, rolls, bread on a spit, honey cake, cupcakes, barley gruel, flat-cakes, barley cakes, pancakes. Greek Woman Baking Bread … Continue reading Bread on a Spit: Fragment from Atheneus